These questions and answers have been
transcribed from tapes made during our Leader's
sessions with members and guests at Centers
throughout the United States during his trip in
March & April 1965.
Question: Do science and religion
conflict in regard to the time lapse
of the creation and the historical
Answer: No historical record
goes back more than 4,000 years. So there
is conflict between historiens
and anthropologists or arehaeologists.
Question: Is creation only
6,000 years old? Scientists say it is much
Answer: I do not necessarily
think that Adam lived 6,000 years ago. The time between Adam
and Abraham is considered as the prehistoric age. At that time,
according to the Bible, people lived 800 or 900 years. We don't
know if they had the same kind of calendar we have today. Nine
hundred years in their time might not be 900 years by our way
of measuring time. As it says in the Bible, one day is like a
thousand years and a thousand years as one day. Often things
revealed by God are not literally true, but symbolical.
Question: If the prehistoric
age (prior to Abraham) is to be taken as revelation, then how
can we base our explanation of the history of resurrection on
a literal interpretation of that part of history? We say it is
10 generations from Adam to Noah, 10 generations from Noah to
Abraham, and so on.
Answer: The 10 generations are not necessarily literal. God may choose one person out of 10 million to accomplish a certain mission. He will count that person as one generation. Adam was the first generation;
Jesus was the second generation;
and the Lord of the Second Advent is the third generation.
There have been two forerunners
to our Leader. They were both elders in the Christian church.
Both did great work, but neither followed him. Spiritually gifted
people sometimes receive that Mr. Na was the first generation
and Mr. Pak was the second generation and that our,
Leader is the third generation.
They are not related at all.
We should count the generations from Adam to Noah and Noah to Abraham
just as we count Adam, Jesus
and the Second Messiah.
Question: We get into difficulties
with this, in that we have made such a point of these numbers.
if we suddenly say they are not to be taken literally we might
well get the answer, "then why should we take the days of
the fiood, or the fall itself literally? "
Answer: Not all people who
lived between the times of Adam and Noah are considered, but only
those selected people. Noah's account should be taken literally.
God's providence or dispensation with Noah was carried on by
that individual. Therefore, the events in his lifetime must be
literafly taken. Only the time element is not to be taken literally.
The existence of Noah and of Adam as individual human beings
Pray about this matter and
try to get answers yourself. Some explanation of this may be
given in the new book which will help those you teach to understand
[Gordon Ross:] - I have found
it helpful to think of these periods in terms of cycles rather
than years. What we are comparing in the three dispensations
are cycles of time rather than actual years. In nature, cycles
of time are erratic. You may have the blooming of a certain flower
on a yearly cycle, but one year it may occur in February, the
next in April. Ihe time is not exactly the same, but the cycle
of time is the same. You can say that the winter season starts
at a certain time, but it varies from year to year. This is also
true of the human cycle, body functions, and so on. This perhaps
is one way to help people understand our teachings.
Question: The question of
time is not the thing that bothers me most. It is the question
of taking the Bible as literal in regard particularly to evolution.
Did man come into existence suddenly, while the rest of creation
was the product of evolution? Or did man gradually evolve?
Answer: Grass didn't take
long to grow. Bees didn't take long to grow. ihey took originally
just as long as they take today. If you sow a seed this year,
it will grow and become a young tree next year.
Question: The theory of evolution,
which may or may not be right, says that life started out as a
single cell and continues to multi-celled organisms. This is
Answer: Man is made of animal
essence, vegetable essence and mineral essence. Suppose you have
prepared all the material necessary to build a house. It doesn't
take long to build the house itself. To collect the material
may take time, but once you have the materials the building itself
doesn't take much time. Likewise, the animal, vegetable, and
mineral kingdoms were all created over perhaps millions of years.
All the materials were there. Out of those essences. it wouldn't
take long to create a man.
Question: Did Adam and Eve
have earthly, physical parents?
Answer: No! The source of
creation is energy. You don't need physical
parents to be created. Adam
was a special creation.
Question: First we had plant
life. Then we had the fish, the water-dwelling ereatures. The
essence of animal life came from the water, didn't it? Then we
went into the amphibious beings. These were orders of creation.
There was a similarity, but a marked difference between them.
Then we go up to the vertebrates. Then to the big dinosaurs,
but all these orders are gone. There are some similarities which
follow through into creation as we know it today. Itere are some
fireaks that come forward, like the turtle, the duck bihed platypus,
etc. But then came the primates, the apes. Then the cave-man,
the Neanderthals. But they have passed on, too. We don't find
them around. You said the material was there. If you don't have
the material, you have to go out and make bricks and saw lumber,
and it will take a long time to build your house. But if you
have the various orders of creation, and meantime these orders
have been having give and take with the mineral and plant kingdoms
and have been building up the earth in preparation for the environment
for man, finally everything is ready, and God says, "Now
I can make the highest order of creation
[Gordon Ross:] Our Leader
said before that the evolutionary theory is true. There was a
motive and puipose for every change, but Darwin saw only the result
and not the cause. He said that evolution exists within the family.
Everything is built upon the essence of what went before, rather
than as a gradual evolution. A tiger does not result from a tree.
But different kinds of trees result within the tree family, and
different kinds of cats result within the cat family, So there
is no missing link. Man is a tamil which began with Adam, since
then, different kinds of evolution of men have existed.
Question: Were Adam and Eve
created from other animal-like humans?
Answer: Have you ever wondered
how a plant came into being? Where did the seed come firom?
In the small seed is every potential of the big tree. Likewise,
in God's energy and power itself is all the potential of man.
A baby is born through the strong love of its father and mother.
God's strong love, His energy, created the baby. Eve was not
created out of Adam's rib, but was created after Adam and after
Question: Were Adam and Eve
born of God as we understand birth? That is, physiologically?
Answer: Through the power
of God, Adam and Eve were created as a baby
is created by humans today.
Man was a special creation.
Question: Archaeologists are
coming up with the bones of humans considered to be many miillions
of years old. How does this relate to Adam and Eve being created
all at once.
Answer: On the whole, the
process of creation was evolutionary. It took a long time to
have plants, animals and minerals on earth. There may have been
animals very like man. It is probably these skeletons which have
Question: If there was no
link between ape and man, what were the
early men like?
Answer: There could have been
men like Adam for some time.
History both before and after
Jesus must be viewed symbolically rather than literally. The
important point is in the meaning. Our calendar was changed at
the time of the Roman Empire. Who knows what it was prior to
that time, particularly before Abraham.
A friend of ours went up into a mountain cave to pray and meditate. He was gone for weeks and weeks, without access to any calendar or keeping a record of any kind. He and the people with him completely
forgot the days and had no
knowledge of how long they had been there. If you don't use a
calendar, even now you cannot tell how many days have passed from
any particular event. Without using a calendar, how could anyone
tell whether the time elapsed was 900 years or 90 years? The
matter is not important except in its symbology.
The prehistoric age is revelation
and should not be taken literally. Since it is revelation, the
figures appearing prior to Abraham should be regarded symbolically.
It is not literally 2,000 years.
Question: Why don't we ask
the spirit world about the exact time of the creation?
Answer: The spirit world does
not have the same conception of time as we do, (It is useless
to ask them how many years it has been). Our earth revolves around
the sun once a year. But other planets revolve maybe once in
every 20 years. So even spirits cannot tell us the time in terms
of our own time
Our Leader is not interested
in straightening out this problem. It may
be entirely symbolical. When
we say 6,000 years, we don't mean a literal 6,000 years. We say
4, 40, 400, 1600 -- all have the same meaning. From King Saul
to Solomon was 120 years, but in terms of God's providence it
only means 40 years, because the three kings only accomplished
one thing -- the erection of the Temple.
Question: We receive many
questions on evolution. Can you tell me how the Divine Principle looks
at evolution as Darwin expounded it?
Answer: Evolution is true,
and all the creations of the mineral, vegetable and animal kingdoms
have developed through the evolutionary process. According to
the theory, there have been sudden changes at certain times to
develop to a higher stage. Darwin recognized that change. He
said there was motive and purpose for those changes, and some
energy or power caused them. He could not see the cause, but
he could see the evolutional result. This, of course, does not
include man's creation. Evolutionary change is possible
within a certain formula or plant or animal, but there is no evolutionary
development from one family to another faniily. For instance,
from rose to chrysanthemum. But within the family of chrysanthemums,
change is possible.
Question: Then man, too, is
continually evolving? Were Adam and Eve, then, an actual physical creation
as it says in the Bible; or did their physical bodies evolve and
their spirits evolve?
Answer: Adam and Eve were
produced by exactly the same process as we produce a child. By
strong love and energy of father and mother, a child is conceived
and grows, first within the womb, then outside of it. In the same
way, God created Adam and Eve. By Its love and energy, a little
thing was created which grew and grew and became Adam. It is
all an evolutionary process.
Question: Then who nursed
the two babies?
Answer: God himself did.
They were raised in a very unusual environment. Because of God's
energy and power, He could do this. We don't know in what exact
way. Even a plant grows from seed to tree in the natural environment
which God ereated.
Question: How is man made
in God's image?
Answer: The body is created
to conform with the mind, and the mind is created to conform with God.
Some people are beautiful
physically, but the inside is not beautiful. And some people
have beautiful hearts but are outwardly ugly. In God's eyes,
externat beauty is not beautiful. Only inner beauty is beautiful.
Question: In what manner is
man created in God's image?
Answer: The whole being, physical
and spiritual, is created in God's image. In the spirit world,
the form or image of God is not visible. But the entire spirit
world appears like a human form. Some people belong to the part
which represents the eye, some people belong to the part which
represents the feet, etc. The huge cosmos is in human form.
Ite entire universe appears in the form of a man; yet each individual
according to his inelinations or specific mission or personality
belongs to some specific part of the whole -- some to the eye,
some to the heart, some to the feet, the lung, or brain, or hands.
Those who are active with their hands may belong to the part
of the universe which appears as hands; those who like to think
more than other people may belong to the brain, and so on. Agricultural
or industrial peopie may belong to hands or feet. The characteristics
of individual men make up the total macrocosm.
Also, the earth spiritually
appears in the form of a man. Each nation and each society may
appear as the form of a man. Each family as well as each individual
appears in the form of a man.
Judging from this, the individual
God is still in the form of a man, and vice versa. Each cell
of your body is in the image of you yourself.
It is different from any other
cell. What makes man different from animals? It is the functions
of thinking and feeling -- thought and love. We got these capacities
for truth and love from God. What makes one individual different
from another is his thinking and his feeling. An evil man thinks
evil and loves evil. A good man thinks truth and feels good.
What makes the essence of your soul after your death? What you
have been thinking, feeling and loving on earth. To think and
to love are beyond space and time. We can think about the philosophy
of 2,000 years ago. We can love people across oceans just as
we can love those who are with us. Because these capacities of
thinking and loving transcend time and space, we are inclined
to live for eternity. We don't want to cease to think or to love.
These two functions are the image of God. These two functions
make man different from everything else in creation. These two
functions make your outward appearance different from others.
Your inner self is formed by these two functions, and is reflected
in your outer characteristics.
Energy is matter and matter
is energy. God is energy. If energy created matter, is that
how God created the world? How did He create the physical world?
Energy is a form of vibration. Scientifically speaking, we are
all a mass of energy. Whatever kind of mass you have is composed
of three things, neutrons, protons and electrons. 'Me consistency
of molecules God alone knows. Man is not sufficiently advanced.
But we can change a molecule. Einstein said that, when man reached
the point where he could perceive the theory of the fourth dimension, God will allow
mankind to change the mass. We will witness many things.
There is no distinction between
energy and matter. Since God is plus energy, whenever minus energy
appears (in other words, subject and object energy), then through
the action of give and take they become one. They have a circling
movement. So all things have an outward and an inward. The seed
of a tree is the core of energy which attracts the chemical elements
firom the universe. Because it has the stiucture to obtain those
elements, it grows and expands and becomes a tree. Likewise,
the very beginning of humanity in a mother's body is like a seed
which obtains all the elements through the mother's body. It
is a plus energy, but it obtains the energy from the outside.
It had the potential from the beginning. In that way, the whole
creation came into being.
Question: In the sight of
God, is a child considered a living soul while yet in the womb
of its mother, or only after it breathes its first breath of air
Answer: Man must go through
two worlds, spiritual and physical. The child must take at least
one breath in the physical world before it can become a living
soul. It is said in the Bible that God breathed into Adam and
Adam became a living soul.